Ghana Educational Reforms That You Need To Know  

I am sure most of us are aware that our country is undergoing an educational reform starting from our Colleges of Education down to the Basic Level of Education. The focus of this post is to throw more light on the Basic level reforms. Basically, reforms involve
a massive change in all aspects of a sector and in education a change in curriculum is mostly the driving force of our reforms. Previously we were running an objective-based type of curriculum which most stakeholders complained was bookish does not abide by students
the necessary 21st-century industrial skills and competence. These calls have led to the development of the standards-based curriculum that is supposed to bridge these gaps our previous curriculum was creating. So we are now going to run a Standard Based Curriculum.
Personally, I love the idea of change and from my reading of the curriculum framework and the merits of the Standard Based Curriculum, I believe if “implemented” we could see a significant improvement in our society. This SBC has seen the introduction of new course/subjects and
a lot of changes in the content to be taught. Most importantly most of the activities will be learner-centered (students will do more) to ensure they develop the necessary performance skills.
1. Kindergarten, primary school, JHS, and SHS shall all be described as basic
school. JHS 1, 2, 3, and SHS 1 shall now be referred to as BS 7,8,9, and 10 respectively i. e. SHS 1 shall now be called BS 10.
2. All students in JHS 1 – SHS 1 shall run a Common Core Programme called CCP which comprises of 9 subjects; namely:
Maths, Languages, Science, RME (stand-alone subject), Physical and Health Education (not examinable), Career Technology, Social Studies, Computing, and Creative Art and Design.
3. A new examination called the National Standard Assessment Test (NSAT) shall be conducted at Primary 2, 4, 6, and JHS 2. 
4. BECE shall be replaced by placement exams at JHS 3 to enroll students into SHS1.
5. Students in SHS1 shall continue to run the common core program for one year thus students into SHS1 shall not select science, busines,s or arts programs.
At the end of SHS1, Students shall write Common Core Exams into SHS 2.
6. At SHS 2, students will now have to select either a career-related program which includes vocational and technical programs, or a high school Diploma programs such as science, business, arts.
7. This means Elective subjects shall start in SHS 2.
8. Wassce will be replaced by university entrance exams at SHS3.
9. Students after successful completion of SHS 3 will be rewarded a Diploma Certificate instead of a WASSCE certificate. Ref (Ghana Education Forum)
The Diploma could help graduates at least get some jobs or internships if they don’t even want to go into the University. This tells us one thing. If you have a diploma certificate you will need to run for an upgrade else you will soon be on the same level as an SHS graduate.
I can not overemphasize this. We can create all the lofty systems and standards but if we do not see proper implementation by providing the available resources we will be back to where we started from. Again these reforms will need the help of each and every one of us. Teachers
can always do their best but we will need to support them in the process of implementation.
Thank you very much for reading.


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